Reconnections

Sound Emission in Vortex Reconnections made the Cover of PRL

Quantum vortices are one of the most important excitations of a superfluid. Such vortices behaves in many aspects as they classical counterpart. They reconnect changing the topology of the flow and transferring energy along scales. We have recently observed that in quantum fluids, there is a manifest irreversibility in the process. Using numerical simulations of the Gross-Pitaevskii model and developing a matching theory we have been able to characterise the momentum and energy exchanges between vortices and density waves.

Irreversible Dynamics of Vortex Reconnections in Quantum Fluids

We statistically study vortex reconnections in quantum fluids by evolving different realizations of vortex Hopf links using the Gross–Pitaevskii model. Despite the time reversibility of the model, we report clear evidence that the dynamics of the …

Matching Theory to Characterize Sound Emission during Vortex Reconnection in Quantum Fluids

In a concurrent work, Villois et al. [Phys. Rev. Lett. 125, 164501 (2020)] reported the evidence that vortex reconnections in quantum fluids follow an irreversible dynamics, namely, vortices separate faster than they approach; such time asymmetry is …

New paper on quantum vortex reconnections mediated by particles published in Physical Review B

Particles are used in superfluid to visualise quantum vortices, they get trapped inside vortices, and we can follow their dynamics. Quantum vortices can reconnect, and particles are an essential tool to study the process.

Quantum vortex reconnections mediated by trapped particles

Reconnections between quantum vortex filaments in presence of trapped particles are investigated using numerical simulations of the Gross--Pitaevskii equation. Particles are described with classical degrees of freedom and modeled as highly repulsive …

Universal and Nonuniversal Aspects of Vortex Reconnections in Superfluids

Insight into vortex reconnections in superfluids is presented, making use of analytical results and numerical simulations of the Gross-Pitaevskii model. Universal aspects of the reconnection process are investigated by considering different initial …